All of the chemical symbols for elements within the regular dining table make sense; you can find a little selection, but, that seem to bear no reference to their elementвЂ™s title. A few days ago, questions about these elements came up, so hereвЂ™s a look at their confusing symbols, along with the reasons behind them after the periodic table of rejected element names.
Sodium вЂ“ Natrium (Na)
SodiumвЂ™s Latin name, вЂnatriumвЂ™, derives through the Greek вЂnГtronвЂ™ (a title for salt carbonate). Its initial supply will be the work вЂnatrunвЂ™ that is arabic. Lots of contemporary languages nevertheless call the element natrium rather than salt, plus itвЂ™s this title that its symbol that is chemical, arises from.
Potassium вЂ“ Kalium (K)
вЂKaliumвЂ™ is potassiumвЂ™s Latin name, and derives from the Arabic вЂal qal Д« yвЂ™, meaning вЂњcalcined ashesвЂќ (the ashes remaining whenever plant product is burned). A number of modern languages still refer to potassium as kalium, and the name lends the element its chemical symbol, K as with sodium.
Iron вЂ“ Ferrum (Fe)
IronвЂ™s Latin title, вЂferrumвЂ™, offers it its icon Fe; it simply means вЂironвЂswordвЂ™ orвЂ™, and it is possibly of Semitic origin. The element is famous by an array of various names in various languages, with a few sources suggesting there are over 200 names that are different it. ThereвЂ™s an inventory of 213 of these right right here.
Copper вЂ“ Cuprum (Cu)
ThereвЂ™s no shortage of elements known as after places, but copperвЂ™s title is much more simple than many. CopperвЂ™s Latin title had been вЂcypriumвЂ™, which itself originates from вЂkyprosвЂ™, the Greek title for Cyprus. The area of Cyprus had been famous hundreds of years ago because of its copper reserves. The title had been sooner or later simplified to вЂcuprumвЂ™, and also this sooner or later morphed to the English variation, copper.
Silver вЂ“ Argentum (Ag)
The Latin title for silver, вЂargentumвЂ™, is believed to derive initially from a language that is indo-european likely referring to your metalвЂ™s shininess. The nation Argentina is termed after silver (albeit indirectly as mention of the the RГo de la Plata) and it is the country that is only be known as after a chemical element, as opposed to the other means around.
Tin вЂ“ Stannum (Sn)
TinвЂ™s Latin title, вЂstannumвЂ™, could be produced from the Indo-European вЂstagвЂ™ (dripping) because tin melts at a temperature that is low. ThereвЂ™s also speculation it can be produced by the Cornish вЂsteanвЂ™ as a result of CornwallвЂ™s famous tin mines, though likewise, other people declare that this term is only produced from the Latin.
Antimony вЂ“ Stibium (Sb)
The Latin вЂstibiumвЂ™ derives through the Greek word вЂstГbiвЂ™, meaning attention paint, discussing the employment of antimony substances being a historical eye cosmetic. This term is in turn likely produced by Arabic or Egyptian. Few nations relate to antimony as stibium today, despite its icon.
Tungsten вЂ“ Wolfram (W)
Wolfram had been called following the mineral it absolutely was present in, wolframite. That is from theвЂwolf that is german, or вЂwolfвЂ™s foamвЂ™, talking about the actual quantity of tin вЂeatenвЂ™ by the steel during its removal. Wolfram continues to be found in a few languages. Tungsten is from Swedish, and means hefty rock вЂ“ significantly apt, because itвЂ™s the seventh element that is densest into the regular dining dining dining dining table.
Gold вЂ“ Aurum (Au)
The Latin title for gold had been вЂaurumвЂ™, meaning вЂyellowвЂ™, derived through the word вЂauroraвЂ™ (вЂdawnвЂ™). The name вЂgoldвЂ™, used in Germanic languages, means вЂyellow, shining metalвЂ™; a great many other European languages utilize derivatives of aurum.
Mercury вЂ“ Hydrargyrum (Hg)
MercuryвЂ™s initial Latin title was actually вЂargentum vivumвЂ™ (living silver), but Latin later borrowed through the Greek вЂhydrargyrosвЂ™ (fluid silver) to offer вЂhydrargyrumвЂ™. The initial English title for the element ended up being вЂquicksilverвЂ™. Alchemists considered that it is near to silver, and as a result of this they called it Mercury, following the earth closest to your Sun. A few of the other metals understood since antiquity received names corresponding towards the planets, too, but MercuryвЂ™s is alone thatвЂ™s stuck.
Lead вЂ“ Plumbum
LeadвЂ™s Latin title, вЂplumbumвЂ™, most most most likely originally derives from a language pre-dating Ancient Greek. This Latin name normally the foundation associated with English words вЂplumbingвЂ™ and вЂplumberвЂ™, as a result of historic utilization of lead in water pipelines.
References & Further Reading